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State Profile
Profile of the State
Hazard and Vulnerability Profile
The State of Assam, popularly known as the land of the red river and blue hills is the gateway to the North East India. Geographically the state is extending from 22°19’ to 28°16’ North Latitude and 89°42’ to 96°30’ East Longitude between the foot hills of the Eastern Himalayas and the Patkai and Naga Hill Ranges. The state is bordered in the North by Bhutan and in the East by Arunachal Pradesh. Along the south lie Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. Meghalaya lies to the South-West, West Bengal and Bangladesh to the West. The State is divided into 27 administrative districts.


  Major River Systems


Assam has a diversified geological spectrum. It is located near the hairpin bend of the Himalayas. Hence the extreme geostatic pressures exerted on the landmass during the creation of the Himalayas have resulted in Assam having large areas of sedimentary deposits. This explains the huge amount of oil found in places like Digboi, Bongaigaon etc.

Cachar district of Assam is a huge storehouse of limestone. Karbi Anglong District and North Cachar hills have substantial reserves of coal. Of the four types of coal namely Peat, Lignite, Bituminous and Anthracite, the third kind is readily available out here.

Karbi Anglong  is also rich in  Kaolin (China Clay) deposits. Another district, Morigaon, contains extensive reserves of granite. The famous Dhubri district has an approximate reserve of more than ten million tonnes of Iron Ore. Of the four kinds of Iron ore, Haematite, Magnetite, Limonite and Siderite, the region is predominant in Haematite deposits. Nagaon district has got very high reserves of Glass  Sand. Thus the geology of Assam depicts a rich repository of minerals with its diversified geographical structure.



The State is one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world. Total Forest cover stands  as 35.48% and consists of tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, riverine grasslands, bamboo, orchards and numerous wetland ecosystems. The state has 5 national parks, 13 wildlife sanctuaries and 2 bird sanctuaries.


According to the Census of India, 2011, the total population of Assam is 31.17 million, population density stands as 396.8/km2 and literacy rate is 73.18%.


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